King Solomon, the Wise
Solomon, the sage king of the Israelites, was particularly known for his "judgement" that permitted the rendering of a child to his veritable mother. Two prostitutes disputed about to whom of the both that child belonged. Solomon decided to sacrifice the child.
Solomon, the sage king of the Israelites, was particularly known for his "judgement" that permitted the rendering of a child to his veritable mother. Two prostitutes disputed about to whom of the both that child belonged. Solomon decided to sacrifice the child. He proposed to cut it in two with his sword; afterwards each of the women should get one half. The king recognized the real mother because she wanted to give the child to the other to prevent it from being killed.
Solomon was the son of King David and Bathsheba. He pacified the tumultuous relations between Egypt and Phoenicia; developped the commercial exchange; renewd the organization of the army; simplified the administration and re-established the prosperity of his kingdom. The construction of the Temple in Jerusalem - which was ordered by him - marked afterwards the total history of Israel.
The Temple of Solomon occupied an essential place. It is still - and particularly at the epoch of the conquest of Palestine by the Crusaders - a symbolic challenge of the first order. At the same time, it is a permanent reference for the constructors of occidental churches and cathedrals. The Temple became one of the central symbols which presided over the birth of the different orders of Freemasonry. Since the construction of the Temple of Solomon, God decided for himself for a permanent residence in Jerusalem.
In the Bible, Solomon was traditionally the author of Proverbs, a part of the "Book of Wisdom" and especially the "Song of Songs". The Christian interpretation of this text is a link of love which unites Christ to his Church or the mystical re-union of the soul with the fundamental divine principle. "The hexagram"; the six-pointed star, is considered either as the Shield of David, or as the Seal of Solomon. This seal is sometimes in the interior of a circle. It is one of the major symbols of traditional esoterism since its geometric balance gives the image of a perfect world. The Seal of Solomon can be observed in the star-shaped roses with six petals in gothic cathedrals. This radiating figure is also called "Star of the Magi" which has shone over the crib where Jesus, the Child King, was resting.